What is the Full Form of Computer? Important About Computer 2020

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Full Form Of Computer

What is the full form of computer, what is computer, types of computers, components of personal computers, characteristics of computers. Many such questions will come to your mind often, in this post, we are going to know the answers to all these questions, so let’s know what is the Full Form Of Computer.

What is the Full Form of Computer?

The full form of computer is “Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research

What is Computer?

The full form of computer is “Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research“. Is electronic device which take input and after processing display output is called a computer. It is an electronic device that is used for data processing. The father of computers in 1834 was Charles Babbage, an 18th-century professor at the University of Cambridge, USA. Earlier it was called Fast calculating machine. But 80% of its work is non-mathematical or non-numerical.

Full Form Of Computer

Therefore it is only to call it as a fast calculating machine. 80% of it is to ignore the data procession is the computer data processor. Data and instructions pass to the computer. It processes and eventually gives us the desired output computer work at the core of the I-P-O cycle.

Types of Computers

A computer is one of the most brilliant inventions of mankind. Thanks to computer technology, we were able to achieve storage and processing of huge amounts of data; we could rest our brains by employing computer memory capacities for storage of information. Owing to computers, we have been able speed up daily work, carry out critical transactions and achieve accuracy and precision at work.

Computers of the earlier times were of the size of a large room and were required to consume huge amounts of electric power. However, with the advancing technology, computers have shrunk to the size of a small watch. Depending on the processing power and size of computers, they have been classified under various types. Let us look at the classification of computers.

Operational Based

Based on the operational principle of computers, they are categorized as analog, digital and hybrid computers.

Analog Computers

These are almost extinct today. These are different from a digital computer because an analog computer can perform several mathematical operations simultaneously. It uses continuous variables for mathematical operations and utilizes mechanical or electrical energy.

Digital Computers

They use digital circuits and are designed to operate on two states, namely bits 0 and 1. They are analogous to states ON and OFF. Data on these computers is represented as a series of 0s and 1s. Digital computers are suitable for complex computation and have higher processing speeds.

They are programmable. Digital computers are either general purpose computers or special purpose ones. General purpose computers, as their name suggests, are designed for specific types of data processing while general purpose computers are meant for general use.

Hybrid Computers

These computers are a combination of both digital and analog computers. In this type of computers, the digital segments perform process control by conversion of analog signals to digital ones.

Sizes and Processing Powers

This was the classification of computers based on their style of functioning. Following is a classification of the different types of computers based on their sizes and processing powers.

Mainframe Computers

Large organizations use mainframes for highly critical applications such as bulk data processing and ERP. Most of the mainframe computers have capacities to host multiple operating systems and operate as a number of virtual machines. They can substitute for several small servers.

Microcomputers

A computer with a microprocessor and its central processing unit is known as a microcomputer. They do not occupy space as much as mainframes do. When supplemented with a keyboard and a mouse, microcomputers can be called personal computers. A monitor, a keyboard and other similar input-output devices, computer memory in the form of RAM and a power supply unit come packaged in a microcomputer. These computers can fit on desks or tables and prove to be the best choice for single-user tasks.

Personal Computers

Personal computers come in different forms such as desktops, laptops and personal digital assistants. Let us look at each of these types of computers.

Desktops

A desktop is intended to be used on a single location. The spare parts of a desktop computer are readily available at relatively lower costs. Power consumption is not as critical as that in laptops. Desktops are widely popular for daily use in the workplace and households.

Laptops

Similar in operation to desktops, laptop computers are miniaturized and optimized for mobile use. Laptops run on a single battery or an external adapter that charges the computer batteries. They are enabled with an inbuilt keyboard, touch pad acting as a mouse and a liquid crystal display. Their portability and capacity to operate on battery power have proven to be of great help to mobile users.

Notebooks

They fall in the category of laptops, but are inexpensive and relatively smaller in size. They had a smaller feature set and lesser capacities in comparison to regular laptops, at the time they came into the market. But with passing time, netbooks too began featuring almost everything that notebooks had. By the end of 2008, netbooks had begun to overtake notebooks in terms of market share and sales.

Personal Digital Assistants (PDAs)

It is a handheld computer and popularly known as a palmtop. It has a touch screen and a memory card for storage of data. PDAs can also be used as portable audio players, web browsers and smartphones. Most of them can access the Internet by means of Bluetooth or Wi-Fi communication.

Minicomputers

In terms of size and processing capacity, minicomputers lie in between mainframes and microcomputers. Minicomputers are also called mid-range systems or workstations. The term began to be popularly used in the 1960s to refer to relatively smaller third generation computers. They took up the space that would be needed for a refrigerator or two and used transistor and core memory technologies.The 12-bit PDP-8 minicomputer of the Digital Equipment Corporation was the first successful minicomputer.

Servers

They are computers designed to provide services to client machines in a computer network. They have larger storage capacities and powerful processors. Running on them are programs that serve client requests and allocate resources like memory and time to client machines. Usually they are very large in-size, as they have large processors and many hard drives. They are designed to be fail-safe and resistant to crash.

Supercomputers

Full Form Of Computer

The highly calculation-intensive tasks can be effectively performed by means ofsuper computers. Quantum physics, mechanics, weather forecasting, molecular theory are best studied by means of supercomputers. Their ability of parallel processing and their well-designed memory hierarchy give the supercomputers, large transaction processing powers.

Wearable Computers

A record-setting step in the evolution of computers was the creation of wearable computers. These computers can be worn on the body and are often used in the study of behaviour modelling and human health. Military and health professionals have incorporated wearable computers into their daily routine, as a part of such studies. When the users’ hands and sensory organs are engaged in other activities, wearable computers are of great help in tracking human actions. Wearable computers do not have to be turned on and off and remain in operation without user intervention.

Tablet Computers

Full Form Of Computer ipad

Tablets are mobile computers that are very handy to use. They use the touch screen technology. Tablets come with an onscreen keyboard or use a stylus or a digital pen. Apple‘s iPod redefined the class of tablet computers.

Components of Personal Computers

If you use a desktop computer, you might already know that there is not any single part called the computer. A computer is really a system of many parts working together. The physical parts, which you can see and touch, are collectively called hardware.

The most common hardware in a desktop computer system. Your system may look a little different, but it probably has most of these parts. A laptop computer has similar parts but combines them into a single notebook-sized package.

System Unit

The system unit is the core of a computer system. Usually it is a rectangular box placed on or underneath your desk. Inside this box are many electronic components that process information. The most important of these components is the central processing unit (CPU), or microprocessor, which acts as the ―brain‖ of your computer. Another component is random access memory (RAM), which temporarily stores information that the CPU uses while the computer is on. The information stored in RAM is erased when the computer is turned off.

Almost every other part of your computer connects to the system unit using cables. The cables plug into specific ports (openings), typically on the back of the system unit. Hardware that is not part of the system unit is sometimes called a peripheral device or device.

Storage

Your computer has one or more disk drives—devices that store information on a metal or plastic disk. The disk preserves the information even when your computer is turned off. There are some types of storage device.

  • Hard disk drive
  • CD and DVD drives ( Floppy disk drive)

Mouse

A small device used to point to and select items on your computer screen. Although mice come in many shapes, the typical mouse does look a bit like an actual mouse. It is small, oblong, and connected to the system unit by a long wire that resembles a tail. Some newer mice are wireless.

A mouse usually has two buttons: a primary button (usually the left button) and a secondary button. Many mice also have a wheel between the two buttons, which allows you to scroll smoothly through screens of information.

When you move the mouse with your hand, a pointer on your screen moves in the same direction. (The pointer‘s appearance might change depending on where it is positioned on your screen.) When you want to select an item, you point to the item and then click (press and release) the primary button. Pointing and clicking with your mouse is the main way to interact with your computer.

Keyboard

Keyboard is used mainly for typing text into your computer. Like the keyboard on a
typewriter, it has keys for letters and numbers, but it also has special keys:

  • The function keys, found on the top row, perform different functions depending on where they are used.
  • The numeric keypad, located on the right side of most keyboards, allows you to enter numbers quickly.
  • The navigation keys, such as the arrow keys, allow you to move your position within a document or webpage.

You can use your keyboard and mouse to perform many of the same tasks.

Monitor

A monitor displays information in visual form, using text and graphics. The portion of the monitor that displays the information is called the screen. Like a television screen, a computer screen can show still or moving pictures.There are two basic types of monitors: CRT (cathode ray tube) monitors and LCD (liquid crystal display) monitors. Both types produce sharp images, but LCD monitors have the advantage of being much thinner and lighter. CRT monitors, however, are generally more affordable.

Printer

A printer transfers data from a computer onto paper. You do not need a printer to use your computer, but having one allows you to print e-mail, cards, invitations, announcements, and other materials. Many people also like being able to print their own photos at home.

Speakers

Speakers are used to play sound. They may be built into the system unit or connected with cables. Speakers allow you to listen to music and hear sound effects from your computer.

Modem

Full Form Of Computer

To connect your computer to the Internet, you need a modem. A modem is a device that sends and receives computer information over a telephone line or high-speed cable. Modems are sometimes built into the system unit, but higher-speed modems are usually separate components.

Characteristics of computers

Automatic

An automatic machine works by itself without human intervention. Computers are automatic machines because once started on a job, they carry out the job (normally without am human assistance) until it is finished. However, computers being machines cannot start themselves and cannot go out and find their own problems and solutions. We need to instruct a computer using coded instructions that specify exactly how it will do a particular job. Some of the other characteristics of computers (such as speed and accuracy) are because they are automatic and work on a problem without any human intervention.

Speed

A computer is a very fast device. It can perform in a few seconds, the amount of work that a human being can do in an entire year, if he/she worked day and night and did nothing else. In other words, a computer can do in a few minutes what would take a man his entire lifetime. While talking about the speed of a computer we do not talk in terms of seconds or even milliseconds (10-3) but in terms of microseconds (10-6), nanoseconds (10-9), and even picoseconds (10-12). A powerful computer is capable of performing several billion (109) simple arithmetic operations per second.

Accuracy

In addition to being very fast, computers are very accurate. Accuracy of a computer is consistently high and the degree of its accuracy depends upon its design. A computer performs even calculation with the same accuracy.

However, errors can occur in a computer. These errors are mainly due to human rather than technological weaknesses. For example, errors may occur due to imprecise thinking by a programmer (a person who writes instructions for a computer to solve a particular problem) or incorrect input data. We often refer to computer errors caused due to incorrect input data or unreliable programs as garbage-in-garbage-out (GIGO).Diligence

Unlike human beings, a computer is free from monotony, tiredness, and lack of concentration. It can continuously work for hours without creating any error and without grumbling. Hence, computers score over human beings in doing routine type of jobs that require great accuracy. If ten million calculations have to be performed, a computer will perform the last one with exactly the same accuracy and speed as the first one.

Versatility

Versatility is one of the most wonderful things about a computer. One moment it is preparing results of an examination, next moment it is busy preparing electricity bills, and in between. It may be helping an office secretary to trace an important letter in seconds. All that is required to change its talent is to slip in a new program (a sequence of instructions for the computer) into it. In brief, a computer is capable of performing almost any task, if the task can be reduced to a finite series of logical steps.

Power of Remembering

As a human being acquires new knowledge, his/her brain subconsciously selects what it feels to be important and worth retaining in memory. The brain relegates unimportant details to back of mind or just forgets them. This is not the case with computers. A computer can store and recall any amount of information because of its secondary storage (a type of detachable memory) capability.

It can retain a piece of information as long as a user desires and the user can recall the information whenever required. Even after several years, a user can recall exactly the same information that he/she had stored in the computer several years ago. A computer forgets or looses certain information only when a user asks it to do so. Hence, it is entirely up to the user to make a computer retain or forget some information.

Storage

Your computer has one or more disk drives—devices that store information on a metal or plastic disk. The disk preserves the information even when your computer is turned off. There are some types of storage device.

Full Form of Computer Video Help

F&Q – Computer Full Form

What is the full Form of Computer?

The full form of computer is “Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research”

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The full form of computer science is “Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research”

What is the full name of Computer?

The full form of computer is “Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research”

What is full form of Computer?

The full form of computer is “Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research”

What is the full form of Computer in English?

The full form of Computer in English is “Commonly Operated Machine Particularly Used in Technical and Educational Research”

Conclusion

This is the complete and in-depth knowledge about what is the full form computers.

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